Session 2: Colonising Nature: People and Protected Areas
Taking the Amazon rainforest as a point of reference, this session will explore how this region has been historically treated as a place that must be colonized, subjugated, disciplined, regardless of the people who have been living in it. The session will examine the history of the invasion of the Amazon from the ‘conquista’ period up today observing, through multidisciplinary approaches, the discourses applied to the colonization of nature. The aim is to examine how a plurality of voices (academic and non academic ones) is necessary to a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between human beings and nature. Following Dr Carvalho’s talk, Grace Iara Souza will present a case study on the Amazonian colonisation through the setting of areas aside for environmental protection. She will unfold local rainforest resident’s perceptions of human security in the Lower River Negro given the discovery that their houses were turned into a park.
- To examine the relationship between human beings and nature through a plurality of voices and representations;
- To explore the different forms of colonisation of nature following a multidisciplinary approach;
- To rethink the preservation of nature through the inexistence, invisibility, existence and visibility of the local people living within protected areas in the Lower River Negro – State of Amazonas – Brazil.
- The cult of wilderness;
- Historical and literature accounts of the colonisation of the Brazilian Amazon;
- Political ecologies of conservation of the State of Amazonas;
- Geographies of care for nature.
Lecturer in the King’s Brazil Institute, King’s College London
Dr Vinicius Mariano de Carvalho joined the King’s Brazil Institute as a lecturer in September 2014. Before that, he coordinated the Brazilian Studies programme at Aarhus University (AU), in Denmark (2008-2014), where he is currently Honorary Associate Professor. He was director of the Latin American Centre at AU, from January 2012 to 2014. During this period, he was part of the interdisciplinary research project Sugar and Modernity in Latin America and is co-editor of the homonymous volume, result of the project. From 2007 to 2008 Dr Carvalho was Lieutenant in the Brazilian Army, serving in the Military Technical Corps.
He received his Ph.D. at Passau University, Germany, in 2006. Having an MA in Religious Studies and a BA in Letras, both from the University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil. He is also trained in Music and Musicology and performs as a professional conductor.
Dr Carvalho has a broad interest within the field of Brazilian Studies. His plural academic background and personal trajectory have provided him with a wide understanding of Brazil from diverse fields including Literature, Culture, History, Religion, Society, Defence studies and Politics. He is also the Chief Editor of Brasiliana – Journal for Brazilian Studies.
Coordinators: Dr Vinicius Mariano de Carvalho e Grace Iara Souza
Place: Old Committee room, Strand Building, KCL
Time: 17h00 – 19h00
One of the most used key words in academia all over the world nowadays is ‘interdisciplinarity’ or 'multidisciplinarity'. From call for papers and conferences, to Deans and rectors’ speeches and description of courses and modules, these words are almost omnipresent. However, problems generally appear when we need to translate these concepts into practice. Dr Vinínius Mariano de Carvalho will open the training by presenting guidelines to successfully explore different areas of expertise within research.
Questions concerning public policy and regulation in the environment-development debate will be addressed. The focus will be on the role of voluntary multi-stakeholder sustainability initiatives in the context of states with limited administrative capacity. Flavia Donadelli and Larissa Boratti will present a case study on private forest regulation in Latin America in order to stimulate an open debate about the role of alternative environmental governance mechanisms in developing countries.
Session 4: Governance, institutions and actors: the challenges of researching socio-environmental complexity
Dr Daanish Mustafa will give an overview on the theoretical and epistemological questions that arise in socio-environmental research, namely in what regards interplay of governance, institutions and actors. Tiago Freitas will present a case study from the Brazilian Amazon and Kay Phanthuwongpakdee a case study from Thailand.
Session 5: Natural resource management and gender: can pro-poor strategies work in a neo-liberal world?
Natural resources such as land, water and forests are of key importance to the livelihoods of very many people in the countries of the Global South. In many countries most people still live in rural areas and derive significant parts of their livelihoods from agriculture, livestock and fisheries as well as from timber and non-timber forest products. The management of these resources is thus of great significance both for reducing poverty and trying to attain improved sustainability in the use of the natural environment. During this session, Dr Deborah Potts will discuss some of these themes with particular reference to southern African societies, while Giovanna Grandoni will introduce the gendered implications of natural resource management in small rural communities in the Northeast of Brazil.
This session will provide an analysis of cultural, institutional and livelihood dimensions of Indigenous groups and traditional communities and how it can interact with the conservation agenda. Moreover it will present the recent evolution of international and national policies and rights of indigenous and riverine peoples, and explore its consequences on the analytical framework on human-environment interactions.
The local people right to the territory has been one of the major struggles when creating and implementing conservation and development policies throughout natural resource rich countries. Embedded in a conflict between different stakeholders and agendas, conducting research in and about such places require constant adaptation and persistence
Several changes in environmental policies and regulations have happened in Brazil in the past decade. Although commentators and protesters often use the term ‘environmental roll-back’ to describe these changes little research has been published on the actual nature and processes leading to these reforms. This session aims to fill in this gap and shed light on the actual characteristics and drivers of this recent trend.
This session will focus on research with indigenous peoples from an anthropological, environmental and economic perspective, and present the challenges of conducting fieldwork in indigenous territories in the Amazon.
The Socio-Ecological Systems (SES) Reading Group in the Department of Anthropology, UCL invite PhD students to come to our one-day student conference. This one-day postgraduate research conference seeks to bring research across both social/political and ecological/biophysical disciplines to share experiences together. The conference will explore themes in SES and sustainability, including multiple interactions and relations between people and ecosystems; political ecology of human-animal relations, customary modes of natural resource management and their conflict or complementarity with western ideas of management; community-based conservation and development approaches and factors influencing their outcomes; impacts of changes in land use, tenure, access and management on livelihoods; impacts of climate change on human well-being, ecosystems and wildlife; and integrative methodologies in understanding SES.
Given the planetary challenges we face, we urgently need to formulate more explicit projects of transformation and transition. The announcement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015 emphasises that making substantial changes using tried and tested models is unlikely to work. This paper discusses how we might move beyond the SDGs to formulate diverse pathways to future prosperity, and explains why many of the philosophical and practical ideas arising in the Global South offer innovative ways forward.